Top 10 Must See Attractions In Africa

Top 10 Must Sees In Africa

Many people have made up their minds to visit all the continents in the world during their lifetime. A lot of people have plans to visit Africa on their next vacation but have no idea on where to visit. This article provides information on the top 10 most see landmarks in Africa.

Africa is the second largest continent in the world, it also doubles as the second most populated continent in the world. Known to be one of the poorest continents in the world hasn’t affected the continent from making some breathtaking most see landmarks. Africa has been underrated in terms of choosing a place for vacation. The world-class museums, parks, natural tourist centres have put Africa on the same level as other continents in terms of the quality of fun you get while you are in Africa. If you are a lover of adventure. You should consider going to some of these places.

Here are the top 10 most see landmarks in Africa.

1) The pyramids of Giza in Egypt

The pyramid of Giza, this is one of the seven wonders of the world. The oldest and only one remaining of the seven wonders. Located in Giza which is outskirt of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt. This beautiful site has 6 pyramids to its name. This is one the most loved places for tourist that visit Egypt. You can’t go to Egypt and not go to see the pyramids.

Pyramids of giza in africa

2) Lake Nakuru National Park, Kenya

Lake Nakuru is close to Nakuru town. “Nakuru” which means *dusty place” in Maasai, which is one of the popular languages in Kenya. The beautiful Lake Nakuru has a lot of algae gathered around it t, which is one of the things that attract the flamingos. The lake is about 6 feet deep, the lake is also about 1754m above sea level. This is one of the amazing landmarks to visit, with the amazing view of wildlife most especially the pink flamingos.

Lake Nakuru in Kenya - Flamingos

3) Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe

This is one of the largest waterfalls in the world. The water that flows through this fall comes from Africa’s largest river – Zambezi river. The Zambezi borders Zimbabwe and Zambia though it is more visible from Zimbabwe. This waterfall was named after a town in Zimbabwe. Over a million people visit this place annually.

Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe

4) Mount Sinai, Egypt

This is one of the mountains found in the holy books. This mount is also called Mount of Moses, Mount Horeb or Gabal Musa. This is a must-see for religious folks. This is the mountain where the 10 commandments were given to Moses as recorded in the Holy books. A visit to this mountain will make you feel an inch closer to God.

Mount Sinai Egypt

5) Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Africa’s tallest mountain, not many can boast that they have been here. The mountain is 4,900 meters from the base level. It has 3 cones – Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira. It takes about 6-7 days to get to the top of this mountain. This is a must see place for adventure lovers.

Mount Kilimanjiro

6) Obudu cattle Resort, Nigeria

Located in Obudu plateau in Cross River state, Nigeria. This place was discovered in the mid-1950s. This resort is also close to the Cameroon border. The Obudu mountain is about 1,600m high. The resort also has a beautiful ranch. A visit to Obudu is a visit to nature.

Obudu Cattle Resort

7)Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania

Also known as “Africa’s Garden of Eden”. This is one of the most breathtaking placed you would ever visit in Africa. It is believed that over 3 million years ago there was a volcanic eruption in this place which later created a cone in the volcanic caldera. The volcanic crater forms a beautiful backdrop to the fertile lands around it.

Ngorongoro Conservation Area- The creation crator

8) River Nile, Egypt

This is known to be one of the longest rivers in the world. It is about 6,853km long. Cruises are offered around Cairo and Luxor which are cites around this river. The river has so many creatures in it, ranging from hippocampus, baboons and many species of birds. Most historical site in Egypt is close to this river.

The River Nile In Egypt

9) Lion Park, South Africa

Located in Johannesburg, South Africa. If you need to see a lot of wildlife, this park is the place to see. This has amazing wildlife, you get to see the likes of white lions, cheetahs, Gemsbok, giraffes, zebras and many more.

Lion Park In South Africa

10) Serengeti National park, Tanzania

Located in Mara and Simiyu in Tanzania. About a million wildebeest move yearly from Ngorongoro reserve in the month of January and get to Serengeti around June. They move to Masai Mara in Kenya around September then, they return to their starting point. A visit to Serengeti around June would be a great idea to see the wildebeest migrate from one region to another.

Serengeti National Park
A rainstorm pours over the Serengeti in the distance.

 


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An Overview Of India’s Caste System

History of India’s Caste System

The caste system in India is one of the oldest forms of social structures. Its roots can be traced to nearly 2000 years ago. Manu Smriti a book regarded as an authority of Hindi law justifies this system as a need to maintain order and regularity in the society. Originally caste system was created for the division of labour but soon it began hereditary and rigid.

Origin and Structure of The Caste System

The four different groups are

  1. Brahmins: They consist of teachers and intellectuals.
  2. Kshatriyas: They are the warriors and rulers.
  3. Vaishyas: They are traders and businessmen.
  4. Shudras: They are the people who did menial jobs and served the other three castes.Structure of The Caste System

The exact origin of the caste system is not known but in Hindu religion, it is believed that it originated from Brahma, Hindu God of creation. Accordingly, it is believed that Brahmins originated from the forehead, Kshatriyas from the hands, Vaishyas from the thighs and Shudras from the feet of Brahma.

Later more castes and sub-castes developed. Outside the caste system were the Dalits or untouchables. They were considered impure and mere contact with them caused contamination. They could not eat with others or visit temples and pray with others. They could not draw water from the well used by higher castes. Even their shadow could not fall on any member of the upper caste.

Features of the caste system

Divisions of society and hierarchy

Each caste had its own social group and lived in segregated colonies. A strict hierarchy was maintained in places of interaction. Caste and occupation were hereditary. Members of each caste had a particular name which referred to their caste or profession.

Marriage

Endogamy or marriage within members of the caste was strictly followed. Violations could lead to ostracism and loss of caste.

Food

The Caste system had rigid rules when it came to food. Members of higher castes would not accept food or water from members of lower castes. Even vessels were separate. Food cooked by Brahmins could be eaten by all. Cleanliness and purity were given highest importance and wells were separate.

The caste system led to the exploitation of lower castes by the higher castes.

The caste system in India today

Despite the passage of time and rule by Muslim and British, caste system continues. Even people who convert to Islam or Christianity continue to hold their hierarchy. The Indian Constitution has banned caste discrimination. Quotas for the lower castes; and Scheduled Castes & Tribes in government jobs and educational institutions are being given to removing disparity.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Leaders like Gandhi worked hard to abolish untouchability. Leaders from lower castes have also been successful in abolishing this system. Dr Ambedkar a renowned social reformer and KR Narayan first Dalit President of India are few examples.

Urbanization has helped to remove social grouping. Inter-caste marriages and intermingling in schools and residential areas have increased.

However, the caste system has raised its ugly head politically. Electoral voting tends to be caste based. This is creating division in society and politicians should avoid fanning these flames.

 

 

Paris Syndrome: Search For The Cure

What is the Paris Syndrome?

You may or may not have heard of the Paris Syndrome. This condition is rather odd but, it is alive and well. The Paris syndrome refers to tourists who’ve have gone to visit Paris and suddenly come down with an ailment. While it tends to impact the general audience of tourists the group that is most affected is the Japanese. In fact, The Japanese have a 24-hour hotline for any Japanese citizen that has been affected by this condition.

Japanese people crowded

Causes of Paris Syndrome

Japanese people are sometimes so confounded by Paris that they need to seek psychological help. We’re not sure but perhaps it was a bad bagel, croissant, or perhaps some Foie gras or spoiled duck fat. I don’t know about you, but I wouldn’t be feeling too well either if I was subjected to eating Foie gras. Many Japanese tourists get the wrong impression that Paris, France is some sort of romantic Paradise. We tend to get this idea from the movies: where we see Paris as this romantic getaway that we all want to go to and swoon over the person that we love. While Paris can be a wonderful city, it’s still influenced by the daily city life surrounding it. There are rude people in Paris, people who will yell at you for not speaking French (or speaking it and butchering it), as this happens in ‘normal cities’.

Is Paris the cause of Paris syndrome?

Factors of Paris Syndrome

While you will find many wonderful people in Paris, you will also find rude people like anywhere else in the world. The Japanese are accustomed to being polite as this is a part of their culture and language. Therefore, travelling to France can be a real culture shock when you meet people with different ideas. This is the main reason that the Japanese, as well as some other tourists, suffer from the Paris Syndrome. If you happen to end up in Paris one day, don’t be surprised if some old French lady hits you over the head with a crusty old baguette (Okay, highly unlikely scenario, but it can happen) if you don’t speak French.

The Japanese are simply not used to people that might be rude or crass. Most other people in the world are used to people yelling at them in traffic, for example. We’ve become so desensitized to people being rude to us that we just brush it off our shoulders and get on with our day. It’s not really the city of Paris, it’s more of human nature responding to human nature.

The Cure For Paris Syndrome

The Cure For The Paris Syndrome

There’s no real cure for the Paris Syndrome. It really is just a massive culture shock. If you were a tourist, you can naturally expect some people to give you strange looks or they might even be rude to you if you don’t speak their language. There is only one real cure for the Paris Syndrome, it is to just stay home. There will always be some random nincompoop who is rude to you because they all exist in this world to some degree or another.


Here is an entire book about the phenomenon, give it a read! Paris Syndrome

The Reason Why Italy Has The Best Pasta In The World

Italy’s Pasta Fascination

When most people think of Italy, the first two things that come to mind are pizza and pasta. Italians believe that the way they cook their pizza and pasta is far better to what is served in restaurants and fast food places. That is why many Italians do not eat pasta anywhere except when they are in Italy. So what are the stories behind Italians and their fascination with pasta? Let’s find out.

The act of cooking pasta is almost a religious ritual for many Italians. Pasta cooking combines both tradition and art, and Italians take it very seriously, almost to the point of obsession. Have you ever heard the term al dente? Yes, Italians need their pasta to be cooked al dente, otherwise, the standards will not be met. Al dente means that the inner part of the pasta needs to be slightly uncooked. They are very specific about the exact time when the pasta needs to be taken out of the boiling water so that it doesn’t come out overcooked. The timing is so meticulous that if you read instructions behind a pasta pack sold in Italy, it will mention a different cooking time as compared to the same pasta brand being sold in the US. Of course, it is a matter of preference but Italians believe that pasta al dente is more easy to digest.

Another thing that Italians love about their pasta is that it has to be made fresh. Most restaurants have one or two boilers and cook the dish only when the order is placed. That will certainly make you feel that you are eating in an authentic Italian restaurant. And god forbid that you try to order something different from your mates because cooking each dish separately will take so much time that the waiter will simply refuse your wish. Even the restaurant manager cannot help you here!

close up food indoors pasta
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com Pasta in a Spoon Bowl

You might have heard that to test if the pasta is ready, you pull a strand of spaghetti and toss it against the wall. The Italians consider this an utter sabotage of food, not to mention the kitchen walls. Their alternative is much simpler and less messy. Simply take the pasta strand and break it into two halves, that will tell you if the pasta is ready or not. And for the novice chefs, just take a small bite and you will know when to stop cooking. Italians also condemn the practice of rinsing pasta after it is cooked, let the sauce take care of the stickiness problem. The pasta chef also suggests that when the food is ready to eat, do not waste time twirling with a spoon. Simply dig in your fork and get going with that yummy pasta before someone else comes to share it. It is no secret that Italians eat pasta frequently, so much so that even Italian doctors do not mind such eating habits. In fact, a new study actually proved that eating pasta is not as fattening and heart clogging as most people think it is. Pasta is packed with carbohydrates, and rich in vegetable nutrients and proteins. Who can complain when nutritious food can be so yummy?

The next time you have a craving for pasta, either invite an Italian friend to cook or visit an authentic Italian restaurant to understand the true fascination with pasta.

 

Italy


https://health.usnews.com/health-news/blogs/eat-run/articles/2017-10-16/youre-eating-pasta-wrong-this-nutrition-pro-says

Click here to see my favourite brand of Italian Pasta! 

A Brief History of Carnival in The Caribbean

The History Of Carnival In The Caribbean

Caribbean carnivals are a series of activities that happen before the beginning of lent which is towards the time the Christians observe their fast. The Caribbean carnival has a complicated history. The French and Spanish slave Lords, the European Catholic Priest along with their slaves settled in the Caribbean in places like Trinidad and Tobago, Dominica, Haiti and many other Caribbean Islands. The lent period marks the beginning of their abstinence from meat which lasts through Lent. Exclusively, only the slave Lords celebrated carnival. However, after the emancipation of slaves and the end of the slave trade, most of these slaves settled in the Caribbean to carry on the carnival tradition to mark the end of the slave trade.

Junkanoo Carnival
Junkanoo Carnival in The Bahamas, Man dressed in his costume shaking the cowbells

The “recent time” Caribbean carnival started in Trinidad and Tobago around the year 1783. Due to the migration of Caribbean’s and the mixture of cultures and traditions, the carnival has moved to many parts of the world. Carnival has been celebrated in Europe, North America and even in some parts of Africa.

These annual events are held on Monday and Tuesday before Ash Wednesday of Lent. The event is usually colourful and filled with people clothed in beautiful attires, dressed with masks and painted faces. This occasion is usually carried out with, Calypso and Soca music, and masquerade performances. Calypso music started in Trinidad in the 17th century from African slaves that settled in Trinidad. The music originated from Kaiso and Canaboulay music.

Carnival in Guaeloupe
Guadeloupe winter carnival, Pointe-à-Pitre parade. A young woman, a performer wearing traditional carnival head-dress(close up outdoor portrait).

Every year there is a music/dance competition. The winner of the competition gets a large sum of money along with other awards such as cars, vacation trips etc. The winner also gets endorsement deals and many contracts. Due to the multicultural structure of the Caribbean, diverse cultures contribute to the kind of music used at the carnival. The Caribbean has many people who are descendants from different parts of the world. In the Carribean, you will find Africans, Indians, European and Middle Easterners. Carnival time is definitely a time to visit any of the Caribbean Islands.

Carnival has many names, in Dominica, it is known as “Mas Dominik”. Many believe that Dominica is one of the few islands that still uphold the tradition of carnival. Similar to what happens in Trinidad and Tobago, the carnival happens before lent time. Many citizens living in different parts of the world come home to partake in this event. Competitions occur before the two-day events on the streets. The 2-day events are usually opened with an official opening parade. Bands come up one after the other with specially designed costumes and facial paintings, taking turns to show their creativity in art, dance, music and costumes.

Weeks before the Carnival, the children get to have their “little carnival” where they get decorated in facial masks and different kinds of physical adornment. It would be lovely to visit one of these Islands during carnival. A visit will leave you thrilled.

In conclusion, most Caribbean islands celebrate their carnival before the Lenten period, nevertheless, it is an occasion perfect for any celebratory day. The main aim of the people here is to express themselves. Eat as much as they want, showcase their talents, creativity and beliefs.

Carnival Headpiece
Carnival Headpiece